pixel perf-ect

29. October 2012 03:06
by nKast

Motion API for XNA AR camera

29. October 2012 03:06 by nKast | 0 Comments

One of the coolest things you can do on mobile phones are Augmented reality apps. 
Combining the camera with the Motion API of windows phone is all you need. So, here's what you need to make AR on XNA.

First, Initialize the Motion API
Here I also set the update interval to 60FPS 

motion = new Motion();
motion.TimeBetweenUpdates = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(16.666);

The important part is to align your XNA camera to the physical camera. For that we need the Attitude property from the motion API. In order to use it we must first apply some transformations. The last line is needed for landscape apps. Remove it If your app works in portrait mode. 

//corrent the rotation matrix from Motion api 
AttitudeReading attitude = motion.CurrentValue.Attitude;
Matrix orientation = Matrix.Identity;
orientation = Matrix.CreateRotationX(MathHelper.PiOver2); //device->screen cordinate
orientation *= attitude.RotationMatrix; 
orientation *= Matrix.CreateRotationZ(MathHelper.PiOver2); //portrait->landscape cordinate

What you have now is a View matrix. You can use it to draw your stuff with Model.Draw(...) or assign it to Effect.View. 
Sometimes this isn't enough. What I wanted was the actual orientation of the camera/phone as a 3D vector.
My first thought was to use Vector3.Transform(...) and transform a Vector3.Forward using the orientation matrix. That didn't work. Then I tried to get the orientation.Forward & orientation.Up but that didn't work either. Finally i wrote a small method that extracts the two vectors from a view matrix.
As you can see, you can use the results in order to create your own view matrix or use it in your Camera class.  

//extract oriantation from view matrixs
Vector3 cameraForward = Vector3.Zero;
Vector3 cameraUp = Vector3.Zero;
GetViewOrientation(ref orientation, out cameraForward, out cameraUp);
view = Matrix.CreateLookAt(cameraPosition, cameraPosition + cameraForward, cameraUp);

And here is the method to extracts the Fordward and Up vectors 

public void GetViewOrientation(ref Matrix view, out Vector3 forward, out Vector3 up)
    forward = new Vector3(-view.M13, -view.M23, -view.M33);
    up = new Vector3(view.M12, view.M22, view.M32);



MotionAPI XNA AR.zip (773.14 kb)

19. September 2010 11:52
by nKast

AccelKit, an Augmented Reality Accelerometer Kit for Windows Phone 7 Emulator

19. September 2010 11:52 by nKast | 0 Comments

AccelKit is an Augmented reality tool that simulates an accelerometer sensor for those who develop applications for the upcoming Windows Phone 7.
I used ARToolKit, an open source AR library that can track the position & orientation of a marker moving in front of a webcam.  Those data are then translated into accelerometer measurements and made available to any program through port 88. You can get the source code at accelkit.codeplex.com or just the executable at tainicom.

How to use it

Print the Print_This_Cutout.pdf on plain paper and glue it on a sheet of cardboard. 
Then cut out the phones. 

Place your webcam in  straight position, forming a 90o angle with the floor. 

Run the accelKit.exe found inside the Executable folder. 
On the first screen you are asked to select the desired web resolution. Because tracking can be very CPU intensive, select the lowest possible resolution (That screen might vary from webcam to webcam).
You should now see feed from your webcam. If not, check for other video capture devices in your system (like TV tuners for example) and disable them. 
Move the marker smoothly in front of the webcam. If accelKit keeps loosing track of the marker add some more light to the room to improve the image sharpness. If you still have problems, try again with the next resolution until you get consistent results. It is normal to lose track once in a while for a few frames, especial when the marker moves too fast or on extreme angles. 

Open a web browser and go to You should see something in the form of "-0.068880,-0.997565,-0.010901". In case you are eager to see it in action get the samples at tainicom.net

Now, let's add support for accelKit in your applications. The code below (C#) demonstrates how you can get the accelKit data.

WebClient wc;
wc = new WebClient();
wc.AllowReadStreamBuffering = false;
wc.DownloadStringCompleted += new DownloadStringCompletedEventHandler(wc_DownloadStringCompleted);
wc.DownloadStringAsync(new Uri(""));

void wc_DownloadStringCompleted(object sender, DownloadStringCompletedEventArgs e)

if (e.Error != null) { timer.Begin(); return; }
if (e.Result == null) { timer.Begin(); return; }
string[] vc = e.Result.Split(new Char[] {',', ' '});
double x = Convert.ToDouble(vc[0]);
double y = Convert.ToDouble(vc[1]);
double z = Convert.ToDouble(vc[2]);

Inside the release you will find the AccelerometerEmu class that you can use as an in-place replacement of the Accelerometer class. Unfortunately, the Accelerometer is sealed so I couldn't inherit from it and had to use composition instead. AccelerometerEmu connects to the accelKit and retrieves data in a constant rate when run in the Windows Phone 7 emulator. When run in a real device, it uses the real Accelerometer (since I don't have access to a real device I couldn't test how good that works). Here's what you have to do:

Replace all instances of Microsoft.Devices.Sensors.Accelerometer with NKast.Sensors.AccelerometerEmu.

Add an event listener to ReadingEmuChanged.

accelerometer.ReadingEmuChanged += new EventHandler<AccelerometerEmuReadingEventArgs>(accelerometer_ReadingEmuChanged);

void accelerometer_ReadingEmuChanged(object sender, NKast.Sensors.AccelerometerEmuReadingEventArgs e)  
Deployment.Current.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(() => MyReadingChanged(e));

void MyReadingChanged(AccelerometerEmuReadingEventArgs e)
double accelx , accely , accelz;
accelx = e.X; 
accely = e.Y;
accelz = e.Z; 

My Plans for the next version

Bug fixes!
Code optimization.
Derive acceleration from the mark movement. Right now it only accounts for orientation, therefore you get only gravity acceleration as if you were rotating the device in a fixed position.
Add a mode where the webcam looks straight down. I understand that's necessary for certain types of games. 

Last notice

  • The simulated accelerometer fires events in fixed intervals. A real device might behave differently.
  • The Timestamp property of AccelerometerEmuReadingEventArgs is not yet emulated.
  • Currently it only returns the gravity acceleration. Not acceleration caused by movement.
  • Do not print the paper cutout on glossy or semigloss paper! The less glare, the better!


I hope you find it helpful while developing great games for Windows Phone 7 !